War on e-bike imports from China

Retroactive anti Dumping duties. EU Confirms: Registration E-Bike Imports & Provisional Dumping Duties Coming, e-bike imports from China will need to be registered. The Registration of e-bike imports from China has been requested by EBMA. Once publication in the EU Official Journal of this Regulation has taken place it will allow for retroactive collection of provisional anti-dumping duties on e-bike imported from China. The imposition of provisional anti-dumping duties by the European Commission will present a clear indication on how the definitive anti-dumping duties on e-bike imported from China will look like. These definitive anti-dumping duties must be announced by 20 January 2019 or earlier. Chinese producers deny dumping e-bikes to EU. EBMA proposed that Switzerland should be used as “a country with a similar level of economic development” to China so as to measure whether Chinese e-bike producers engaged in dumping. “China has a uniquely strong biking culture and in the past few years, the e-bike industry has been developing rapidly. Chinese companies gained the know-how and have been continuously improving their competitiveness in the international market. That should not be confused with dumping.” said Song Bo, Director of the Information Department of China Bicycle Association.global-emobility-market-2016.jpegGlobal e-mobility market is set to reach $62.2 billion in annual revenue in 2025.

E-Bike Importers Facing Sky-High Duties. The EU branch of the Light Electric Vehicle Association (LEVA-EU) is calling on e-bike importers that are being forced to pay customs deposits, to make themselves known. This call is made because LEVA-EU says to be receiving “Information about importers throughout Europe being confronted with a 189% deposit to be paid for their electric bicycles from China to be released.”

US E-Bike Import Hit by ‘War On Trade’ With China. The Trump administration included the import of e-bikes and bicycles on the lengthy list of Chinese products which will be hit by an additional import duty. Chinese imports worth USD 34 billion will be subject to the new 25 percent tariff while another USD 16 billion worth of imports subject to the tariff at a later date. Whether e-bikes (HTSUS 8711.60.00) and bicycles (HTSUS 8711.90.01) will be subject to the 25 percent of the tariffs to be announced on a later date is still unknown.

26 Sep 2017: The booming e-bike market in Europe is accompanied by a huge increase in e-bike imports. The EU-28 member states imported 550,000 units in 2012 and almost 2 million (+350%) last year. These and more statistics were published by Eurostat during last week’s European Mobility Week. Germany with 560,000 units or 28% of the total EU e-bike import and the Netherlands with 520,000; market share 26%. The Eurostat data underlines what everybody already knows; Germany and Holland are by far the biggest e-bike markets. The Eurostat data shows that the two countries are import-wise followed by Belgium (250,000 units), France (175,000, the United Kingdom (130,000) and Italy (110,000). Germany is also the largest e-bike exporter of all EU member states with a total volume of 240,000 units in 2016. This represents a total of 29% of all EU e-bike exports. The second largest exporter is Belgium with 170,000 units or 20% of the market. Belgium is followed by the Netherlands with 100,000 units or 12% market share, Romania 82,000 units (10%) and the Czech Republic (57,000 units (7%). Nine out of ten e-bikes were exported to other EU member states. In 2016 a total of 1.2 million e-bicycles were imported into the European Union from non-EU countries, representing 60% of the total import number of (internally and externally) imports of e-bicycles to the European Union. China was by far the main country of origin of those imports with 932,000 units, or 79% of all e-bikes imported from outside the EU in 2016. The market leader was followed by Vietnam (91,500 – 8%), Taiwan (79,000 – 7%), Hong Kong (37,000 – 3%) and Switzerland (30,000 – 2.5%).

cambogiaCambodia is now EU’s biggest supplying bicycle country. All the bike makers in Cambodia come from Taiwan and still have their HQ’s there. Bike production has been switched from Taiwan to other countries like Philippines, Bangladesh and Tunisia. E-bike production is kept in Taiwan. The Taiwan Bicycle Association reported a 38.9 percent year-on-year increase in the export of e-bikes in the first five months of the year. The e-bike export represented a total value of 132 million euro, up 54.1 percent compared with the same period last year reported the Taipei Times this week. Europe is still the largest market for Taiwanese e-bikes.

8 May 2018: Will the European Commission decide to impose a dumping duty on China made e-bikes? At China Cycle Show some of China’s e-bike manufacturers are considering to move their production to Japan or Taiwan in order to prevent their customers paying anti-dumping duties, others are busy to find strategic partners in Europe for relocating their production. In this case specifically Portugal, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria were frequently mentioned as an option for their future manufacturing base. The publication in the European Union’s Official Journal to make the imports of electric bicycles originating in the People’s Republic of China subject to registration even resulted in the cancellations of orders. European importers don’t want and can’t run the risk of paying RETROACTIVE unknown % anti-dumping duty on China made e-bikes arriving in Europe from 4 May 2018 onwards, the day after the registration order was published in the European Union’s Official Journal with which the measures came into force.

Decathlon Moves E-Bike Production to Europe. Decathlon is not just a bicycle maker, but for all a bicycle seller. The largest in Europe and probably the world’s biggest. Bulgaria and Romania combined are among the most important bicycle suppliers for European countries. E-bikes are still small within the total bicycle sales of Decathlon, the sporting goods retail giant. And the production of electric bicycles is still being done in China. That’s going to move to Europe by 2019 which is partly due to the threat of anti-dumping duties. To which country? That is not yet clear. Of the 4 million bikes sold annually in Europe about 160,000 are made in Lille at the B’Twin Village. Decathlon also operates large-scale production facilities in Portugal with its partner company RTE. Here over one million bikes are assembled annually. Also in Romania Decathlon works with a production partner.

The Polish market for bicycles and e-bikes expanded by approximately 10% in 2017. Poland is the fifth biggest exporter of bicycles in the European Union with 1.1 million units.  The main increase was reported in the city-bike category. Also the recreational bikes as well as high-end MTB and road race bikes were regarded growth categories. Two years ago the electric bike had a market share of less than 1% in Poland. Two or three years ago the low-priced China-made e-bikes with lead-acid batteries enjoyed a great popularity. However the market has changed for better and a growing number of people are opting for a more expensive e-bikes. A market survey among 1024 people showed that 24% of the participants would use the e-bike primarily for commuting, 28% would use it for shopping and 33% for recreation. “It’s not the point to replace conventional bikes with e-bikes, but to use them for long commutes or in hilly terrain.” The third largest reseller of bicycles in Poland used to be the Internet, but its market share dropped drastically. While more than 10% of the bicycles were sold over the Internet in 2013 and 2014, the volume dropped to 6.5% in 2015 and even to only 2.5% in 2016. Polish consumers apparently preferring the possibility of touching the bike physically in the shop over relative ease of ordering at online at webshops. 2016 also showed a shift from MTBs, once the most purchased type of bike, to urban bicycles.

Allianz-RP-NL10-E-IG1E-bikes are taking over our cities. #By 2023 three times more e-bikes on Europe’s streets, +27 per cent across the globe. #Largest market for e-bikes is China 85%.
12 Sep 2017:  The 48.5% anti-dumping duty does not apply to the import from China of electric bikes on which a 6% import tax is levied. The regular import tax for bicycles from China as well as other countries is 14%.

Războiul bicicletelor electrice. Europenii pregătesc taxe anti-dumping împotriva bicicletelor ieftine din China

Comisia Europeană a decis înregistrarea importurilor de biciclete electrice din China și ar urma să aplice, temporar, taxe anti-dumping pentru e-bike-urile fabricate de chinezi. DG Trade – Directoratul General pentru Comerț de la Comisia Europeană a pregătit deja proiectul unei norme de aplicare ce va intra în vigoare după publicarea în Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene. Taxele anti-dumping ar putea intra in vigoare în ianuarie 2019.

Principalele elemente ale disputei, pe scurt:

  • Totul a plecat de la o plângere de 42  de pagini formulată de Asociația Europeană a Producătorilor de Biciclete (EBMA – European Bicycle Manufacturers’ Association)
  • Asociația reproșează chinezilor că exportă masiv în UE biciclete electrice la prețuri de dumping, ajutați de subvenții primite de la autorități locale, regionale și centrale.
  • Europenii au cerut Comisiei, în septembrie 2017,  să declanșeze o investigație anti-dumping pe baza unui articol dintr-o directivă europeană de protecție aprobată în 2016.
  • China este principala sursă de import pentru biciclete electrice pe piața europeană, cu peste jumătate de milion de unități estimate în 2017. Europenii arată că producția chinezilor depășește 50 de milioane de unități din care puțin mai mult de jumătate rămâne pe piața internă.
  • EBMA atenționează că importurile la preț de dumping de la chinezi aduc prejudicii economice producătorilor europeni care pierd cotă de piață în favoarea bicicletelor electrice cu pedale din China.
  • Pe de altă parte, Asociația Europeana a Importatorilor de Biciclete Electrice (Collective of European Importers of Electric Bicycles – CEIEB) a cerut comisiei să respingă solicitarea EBMA de înregistrare a importurilor. Importatorii spun că argumentele producătorilor nu sunt convingătoare.
  • Pentru bicicletele electrice cu motoare mai mici de 250W, taxa vamală obișnuită stabilită prin TARIC (Codul Vamal Unic European) este de 6%.

Potrivit publicației online Cycling Industry News autoritățile vamale au început de azi (vineri, 4 mai 2018) înregistrarea importurilor de biciclete electrice. Asta înseamnă că taxele anti-dumping   că este posibilă colectarea retroactivă a taxelor (n.r. – începând cu data înregistrării). Chiar și așa, pentru ca acest lucru să se întâmple, Comisia va trebui să ia o decizie în ce privește taxele provizorii. Termenul limită pentru luarea unei decizii este 20 iulie 2018. Dar, pentru ca să înceapă efectiv colectarea retroactivă, Comisia trebuie să decidă asupra nivelului acestora iar această decizie este așteptată în ianuarie 2019 “.

Câteva cifre ca să vă faceți o idee: doar Fushida, cel mai mare producător mondial de biciclete – clasice, în primul rând – și-a dublat anul trecut producția de la 10 la 20 de milioane de bucăți! Toți europenii, la un loc, abia dacă s-au apropiat de 13 milioane… La biciclete electrice (EPAC – Electric Power-Assisted Cycles), potricit datelor CONEBI, Confederația Europeană a Industriei de Biciclete, producătorii europeni s-au apropiat de 1,2 milioane de unități (2016). Germania e lider, Romania se așează pe locul 7 cu 60.000 de bucăți. Una peste alta, s-au vândut electrice cam de 2 miliarde și, cu tot cu industria de accesorii, bicicletele dau de lucru la aproape 90.000 de oameni din 300 de firme mici și mijlocii. Numai în 2016, industria a investit pentru dezvoltare peste un miliard de euro.Share ebikesrank ebikes18 July 2018 – Today the European Commission has imposed provisional anti-dumping duties on e-bikes Imported from China. The Commission has opted for the imposition of per company targeted dumping duties. The provisional dumping duties vary from 77.6% for the Bodo Vehicle Group, 27.5% for Giant Electric Vehicle to 37.0% for the majority of Chinese e-bike exporters (see Annex). All other Chinese e-bike exporters are hit by a 83.6% provisional anti-dumping duty. More to follow later today. See also the attached EU document including the Annex. The provisional anti-dumping duties announced yesterday are coming into force today and apply for a period of six months. By January 2019 the definitive anti-dumping must be announced by the European Commission.  “The Union Industry was not able to fully benefit from the growth in consumption between 2014 and the investigation period. Indeed, consumption increased by 74%, and the Union industry only managed to increase their sales by 21%.”
37% duty for 105 exporters: Apart from the five individually named companies the European Commission’s document, another 105 Chinese exporting companies have been hit by 37% provisional anti-dumping duties. All other Chinese e-bike exporters have been imposed with a duty of 83.6%. The EU document stipulates further “The rates of the provisional anti-dumping duty are applicable to the net, free-at-Union-frontier price, before duty”. Giant has announced a 45 million Euro investment to produce e-bikes in Hungary.

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COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION EU 2018/10/12 PDF

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